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Alopecija

What are the causes of alopecia?

Androgenic alopecia occurs under the influence of androgen, a male sex hormone (e.g. dihydrotestosterone). It is more common in men but also occurs in women due to a decrease of estrogen levels, such as during postpartum, menopause or polycystic ovary syndrome.

The causes of alopecia areata have not yet been fully investigated, but it is believed to be a kind of immune disorder that causes immune cells to attack the follicles.

Alopecia areata and androgenic alopecia are believed to have a genetic background, while other alopecia types are a combination of environmental factors, diseases, drug use, infections, or mechanical causes (hair pulling with tight hairstyles or trichotillomania, psychiatric disorder).

How fast is alopecia progressing?

Alopecia can start abruptly and rapidly progress or developed slowly, for months or even years. Men typically start losing their hair at a younger age, while in women, hair loss is usually associated with middle age.

What are the different types of alopecia?

Androgenic, alopecia areata, telogenic effluvium, universal alopecia, total alopecia, ophiasis, alopecia due to hair pulling, trichotillomania, folliculitis.

Is alopecia genetic?

Some types of alopecia, primarily androgenic alopecia and alopecia areata, have a hereditary basis and occur as a result of the interaction of genetic and environmental factors.

What are the treatment options for alopecia?

The best solution for hair loss due to alopecia is in most cases hair transplantation by the FUE method.

In addition to transplantation, experts recommend using mesotherapy and stem cell therapy. These treatments deeply nourish and recover the hair follicles and all cells of the scalp, helping to preserve and regrow hair.

Androgenic alopecia can be treated with medications (minoxidil, finasteride, antiandrogens or estrogens), but given that these drugs are potentially toxic, the decision to take them must be made by a specialist dermatologist. It is important to note that at Bagatin Clinic, these medicines are available in the form of sprays or gels for topical application, which also provides an equally effective hair growth stimulant without the side effects that may occur when taken as tablets. Topical application of these sprays and gels is recommended after a hair transplant at least one year after the transplantation is done, along with the hair thinning therapy with won blood treatment, to further promote hair growth and surgery success. The main treatments for alopecia areata are usually corticosteroids, which can sometimes stop the alopecia progression and help preserve hair.

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