Porcelain (ceramic) veneers are extremely thin porcelain shells which are placed on the front surface of the teeth. It is a permanent prosthetic implant which presents a peak of aesthetic dentistry in achieving beautiful teeth. Veneers are placed on the natural teeth. Porcelain imitates the natural tooth enamel, reflecting the light in the same way; therefore our teeth have the same glow as the natural ones and thus achieving the optimal smile. Porcelain veneers are most commonly used to reduce the gap between the teeth, correcting colour of the teeth, cracked enamel and other aesthetic corrections. The advantage of the veneers is that they require a minimal reduction of teeth enamel - about 0.5 mm less than other prosthetic implants such as dental crowns. They have a very smooth surface, causing their colour to remain the same throughout the years, and the procedure is mild for the gum because it does not cause reduction and inflammation of the gum. The result of the veneer treatment is a beautiful natural smile which lasts more than 10 years if properly maintained.
Porcelain veneers are an ideal solution for a whole range of aesthetic teeth corrections in order to achieve white and natural teeth. Ideal candidates are those whose natural teeth are preserved and do not have big composite fillings. During the medical diagnostics, the dentist determines which type of veneers is optimal in accordance with the teeth condition and, taking into account client’s wishes proposes, the solution for an optimal design of a beautiful smile.
Before undergoing any dental procedure, patients should have a thorough consultation with their dentist. However, because veneers placement is so highly personalized, for this treatment, the initial consultation takes on special importance. At the first appointment, a dentist analyzes a patient's oral health to ensure that he or she is a good candidate for veneers. This first visit typically includes x-rays, photographs, and dental impressions. The patient explains his or her cosmetic goals so that the dentist can determine whether veneers are the optimal treatment to achieve those objectives.
After the examination, images are taken and analysed to calculate proportions for designing an ideal smile. Ceramic veneers procedure usually requires a minimum of two visits after the consultations, while the duration of the procedure depends on the condition of client’s teeth and the number of veneers.
During the first visit, it is necessary to grind and shape the teeth for the purpose of removing the outer part of the enamel, about 0.5 mm. This procedure enables better preparation of the surface of the tooth onto which thin ceramic veneers will be placed using an adhesive technique. Afterwards, the impression of teeth is taken and ceramic veneers are prepared according to it, so as to meet the client’s needs and wishes. Different shades of veneers are usually used in order to achieve a natural look of the teeth. It is usually necessary to wear temporary veneers until the placement of the permanent ones in order to protect the natural teeth.
During the second and last visit, before placing the veneers, the dentist checks whether veneers match to the teeth. People who want to achieve brighter teeth can have their teeth whitened before placing the veneers. After the teeth have been thoroughly cleaned and prepared for cementing, permanent veneers are placed, adhering firmly to the tooth and giving it a natural look.
After receiving porcelain veneers, there is no recovery time. Unless patients have opted for dental sedation, they will be able to drive themselves home from the office, and they can immediately go about their daily routine, including physical activity. Following the enamel removal, patients may temporarily experience some mild discomfort. For about a week, they may want to avoid very hot or cold foods, as well as extremely chewy, hard, or crunchy food. When this initial sensitivity wears off, however, patients should be able to return to their normal dietary habits.
After the placement of porcelain veneers, patients should commit themselves to good oral hygiene regiments, regular visits to the dentist, and generally healthy lifestyles. This helps to ensure the longevity of the veneers, not to mention good oral health.
Habits such as nail biting, chewing ice, and using teeth to open packages are already harmful to teeth, leading to cracks, chips, and dental erosion. Although porcelain is quite strong, it is not quite as tough as natural teeth, so these habits are even more detrimental to patients with veneers.
Because porcelain is not porous, dental veneers are highly stain resistant. However, the dental cement that holds them in place is still subject to discoloration. When this becomes stained, the edge of a veneer can appear yellowed and unnatural. To protect the color of their smile, dental patients should avoid stain-producing substances such as coffee, tea,wine, berries, soy sauce, and tomato sauce. Smoking is perhaps the most notorious culprit for dental staining.