What are dental (teeth) implants?
Dental implants are artificial tooth root replacements that are implanted into the jawbone, and function as a substitute for natural tooth roots. The implant is made of titanium anchors in the form of screws that are inserted into the jawbone instead of missing tooth. It also has a crown, bridge or removable dentures, in other words implantological superstructure, that are fixed on tooth root. The implant is made of biocompatible material that grows with the natural bone because the body does not recognize it as a foreign body.
At Poliklinika Bagatin we use Straumann dental implants that have 20 years long tradition, and ensure the best results. When dental implants grow together with the bone, they function just like natural teeth and completely replace missing teeth, and returns people a sense of self-confidence and improve the quality of all life. In our polyclinic we use Straumann SLActive® implants which enable faster healing of the implant with the bone, and thus the greater the success of therapy. Each Straumann implants has a lifelong guarantee on material and guarantees the absence of any defects or breakage.
When are dental implants used?
Implants are not only recommended when a single tooth is lost, but also in combination with other teeth to uphold crowns, bridges, dentures, hybrid bridges such as All-on-4 implants. They are very successfully used in a completely toothless jaw, where they can carry tooth bridge (4-6 implants). They can also serve as anchors to complete denture (2-4 implants), so-called semi-fixed work, ensuring their stability and allowing patient comfortable and safe function of their teeth. In addition, insertion of single dental implant is much better solution when only one tooth is missing than rehabilitation with the tooth bridge because it is not necessary to grind adjacent healthy teeth to make them carriers of the bridge.
Benefits of dental implants
Next best thing to healthy, natural teeth. Strong and stable, a dental implant restores a lost tooth so that it looks, feels, fits and functions like a natural tooth. Other options can lead to bone deterioration, and may interfere with eating, smiling, speaking and other activities of everyday life.
Built to last. Dental implants are a long-term solution. Traditional, tooth-supported dental bridges only last five to seven years, and with proper care often more than 10 years, but at some point they may need to be replaced. While dental implants may need periodic adjustments, they can last a lifetime when properly placed and cared for over time.
Enjoy life without worrying about your teeth! No need to stay home or feel uncomfortable in public, embarrassed because your smile looks different, or worrying that missing teeth will limit your ability to join in the fun or that removable dentures or tooth-supported replacement teeth will loosen or fall out when you talk, eat or laugh.
Retain your natural face shape, and smile. A face without teeth can sag and appear sunken and sad. Dental implants allow you to maintain the natural shape of your face and smile.
Protect healthy bone. Leaving empty spaces in your mouth after losing one or more teeth can lead to additional health issues, such as the loss and deterioration of some of your jawbone. When it is not being used to support a natural tooth, the jawbone deteriorates, losing its strength and firmness. Dental implants are the only dental restoration option that preserves and stimulates natural bone, actually helping to stimulate bone growth and prevent bone loss.
Speak easy. Adjusting to removable dentures can mean struggling to pronounce everyday words. Not so with dental implants, which function like natural teeth.
Protect your healthy teeth. Dental implants go in the jawbone, in the spot where your missing tooth root was, without impacting healthy teeth. They also help prevent healthy, adjacent teeth from shifting as they would if an empty space were left for an extended period of time.
Dental implants give back beautiful smile when it comes to loss of the tooth as a results of trauma (teething), bleeding, periodontal disease or aging. They are also an excellent choice if you want to shape your teeth due to certain functional disorders, which is the reason the natural tooth had to be pulled out. Regardless of the reason, lost tooth must be replaced, and implant therapy a practical, long-term, aesthetic and functional solution
Any person who is missing one or more natural teeth, as well as those with deteriorating natural chewing ability, or are unsatisfied with aesthetic appearance or those with inadequate speech function may be potential candidates for dental implants. The procedure is recommended for those patients who have difficulty or are completely unable to wear dentures. Potential obstacles do dental implant procedure can be the volume of bone, bone ridge height or unfavorable structure of bones. In this case, the additional surgery such as bones grafting is required in order to insert implant into the jawbone. Good oral hygiene is imperative for the procedure, but also it is important that you do not have other heath conditions that can prevent success of the procedure (uncontrolled diabetes, chemotherapy…). After consultations and diagnostics with 3D imaging, our oral surgeon doc. Krešimir Doblanović will decide if you are a suitable candidate for implants, and recommend you the appropriate therapy.
Just before the insertion of dental implants, it is necessary to make a complete examination and make a digital image of your teeth and both jaws (not older than 6 months). Based on X-ray examination we will evaluate the quality of the bone anatomy and supportive structure, after which we will carefully plan the type of procedure of implant therapy. In conversation with the dentist and oral surgeon, our clients will know in detail all stages of dental implant therapy, which will harmonize with the existing situation, wishes and expectations of the client.
The implant is surgically embedded into the bone under local anesthesia, so the procedure itself is very quick and completely painless. These are the steps of dental implant therapy:
First step is to remove existing tooth and placing the screws in the jaw.
Second step is necessary healing time from 3-6 months during which the implant grows with the bone - a process called osseointegration. During the healing process, if the implant has a primary stability, temporary crown can be worn. Once the surrounding bone tissue grows together with the implant and thus ensures stable root for the new tooth, gingiva-former is placed on the implant that shapes gums for dental prosthesis.
Third step is a week or two later, after healing and shaping of the gums, when superstructure and ceramic crown is fixed on the implant, which gives the person superior functional but also aesthetically pleasing solution.
Fourth step involves setting ceramic crowns, dentures or bridges which gives the person the ultimate functional, and aesthetic solution.
Methods of implants
Classical methods of dental implants
Classical methods of inserting dental implants is done in 2-3 stages. First, the natural tooth is pulled out, then the implant is inserted into bone and the final ceramic crown is made and fixed onto the implant. This implementation leaves a lot of time to heal between phases. Until a permanent crown is set, the client wears temporary crowns.
Fast methods of dental implants
Fast implant method is used when the stages 2 and 3 are performed in a few days, but there are some prerequisites for dental implants before the procedure.
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